Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that teaches you to recognise anxious thoughts and behaviours and change them into more positive ones.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a long-term pattern of exaggerated feelings of self-importance, an excessive craving for admiration, and struggles with empathy. People with NPD often spend much time daydreaming about achieving power and success, or on their appearance. This is a pattern of obsessive thoughts and unstable sense of identity, often to cope with a sub-par real life.

Social Anxiety is nervousness in social situations. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is an anxiety disorder characterised by a significant amount of fear in one or more social situations causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some parts of daily life. These fears can be triggered by perceived or actual scrutiny from others.

Fortitude meaning courage or bravery is the ability and willingness to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation.

Optimal is the most favourable. An example of optimal used as an adjective is in the phrase “optimal score,” which means the highest score someone can get on a game.

Aptitude is a natural ability to do something.

Motivation is the reason for people’s actions, willingness and goals. Motivation is derived from the word motive which is defined as a need that requires satisfaction… Motivation is one’s direction to behaviour, or what causes a person to want to repeat a behaviour, a set of force that acts behind the motives.

Adversarial – involving or characterised by conflict or opposition.

Compliant – disposed to agree with others or obey rules, often to an excessive degree.

Defamatory – damaging the good reputation of someone.

Exposure Therapy and Systematic Desensitisation can be effective in treating phobias. They involve gradually exposing you to anxiety-provoking stimuli to help manage your feelings of fear.

Somatic therapy is a holistic therapy that studies the relationship between the mind and body in regard to psychological past. The theory behind somatic therapy is that trauma symptoms are the effects of instability of the ANS (autonomic nervous system).

Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP) is a psychological approach that involves analysing strategies used by successful individuals and applying them to reach a personal goal. It relates thoughts, language, and patterns of behaviour learned through experience to specific outcomes.

Counselling is defined as “the process of assisting and guiding clients to resolve especially personal, social, or psychological problems and difficulties.”

Empathetic is an adjective that describes someone or something that exhibits empathy.
Empathy is a high degree of understanding of other people’s emotions.
Empathetic and empathic are interchangeable, but sympathetic has a slightly different meaning.

Facilitative Learning is not only a set of tools and strategies. It is also a way of encouraging learning and the absorbing of information in a way that is meaningful and relevant to them. Facilitated learning replaces rote memorisation with critical thinking, comprehensive understanding, imaginative learning, and the appreciation for subtlety.

Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterised by persistent and excessive worry about a number of different things. People with GAD may anticipate disaster and may be overly concerned about money, health, family, work, or other issues. Individuals with GAD find it difficult to control their worry. They may worry more than seems warranted about actual events or may expect the worst even when there is no apparent reason for concern.

Accountability is the fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility.

Gaslighting is a form of psychological manipulation in which a person or a group covertly sows seeds of doubt in a targeted individual or group, making them question their own memory, perception, or judgment, often evoking in them cognitive dissonance and other changes, including low self-esteem. Using denial, misdirection, contradiction, and misinformation, gaslighting involves attempts to destabilize the victim and delegitimize the victim’s beliefs. Instances can range from the denial by an abuser that previous abusive incidents occurred, to belittling the victim’s emotions and feelings, to the staging of bizarre events by the abuser with the intention of disorienting the victim.

Panic Disorder is an anxiety disorder where you regularly have sudden attacks of panic or fear. Everyone experiences feelings of anxiety and panic at certain times. It’s a natural response to stressful or dangerous situations. But someone with panic disorder has feelings of anxiety, stress and panic regularly and at any time, often for no apparent reason.

Psychological Resilience is the ability to mentally or emotionally cope with a crisis or to return to pre-crisis status quickly. Resilience exists when the person uses “mental processes and behaviors in promoting personal assets and protecting self from the potential negative effects of stressors”. In simpler terms, psychological resilience exists in people who develop psychological and behavioral capabilities that allow them to remain calm during crises/chaos and to move on from the incident without long-term negative consequences.

Altruistic is showing a disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others; unselfish.

Introvert is a person predominantly concerned with their own thoughts and feelings rather than with external things.

Extrovert is a person predominantly concerned with external things or objective considerations.

Psychological Resilience is the ability to mentally or emotionally cope with a crisis or to return to pre-crisis status quickly. Resilience exists when the person uses “mental processes and behaviors in promoting personal assets and protecting self from the potential negative effects of stressors”. In simpler terms, psychological resilience exists in people who develop psychological and behavioral capabilities that allow them to remain calm during crises/chaos and to move on from the incident without long-term negative consequences.